Artists Who Were Born There: Chance the Rapper, Common, Miles Davis, Lupe Fiasco, Quincy Jones, R. Kelly, Frankie Knuckles, Curtis Mayfield, Rhymefest, Jeff Tweedy, Twista
Bands Formed There: Big Black, Cheap Trick, Chicago, Ministry, Smashing Pumpkins, Tortoise, Urge Overkill, Wilco

John Goodman's character on HBO's Treme, Creighton Bernette, once said, "Anything that's any good in Chicago comes from some place else." This is unfairly reductive, sure, but it has a ring of truth in terms of Illinois' musical legacy. The biggest thing about Chicago musically is that it's where Delta blues went electric. But this is a transition of no small significance, because when hotwired and sped up by Chuck Berry (himself transplanted from St. Louis), it led to the invention of rock and roll in the 1950s. As that innovation spread worldwide in the proceeding decades, the city came to nurture rock bands ranging from chart-toppers Cheap Trick, Urge Overkill, and the Smashing Pumpkins to more abrasive acts such as the Jesus Lizard, Big Black, and Shellac, as well as forward-thinkers Mahjongg, CAVE and Tortoise.

Chicago represents in other genres as well. There's soul; first with Sam Cooke, who was born in Mississippi but grew up in Chicago, where he mixed gospel and secular music to invent the genre, then with Curtis Mayfield (straight out of Cabrini-Green), Jerry Butler and their group, the Impressions, and later R. Kelly. Dance music, meanwhile, took a leap forward with the invention of Chicago house (but, again, this was built on Italian disco records and Germany's Kraftwerk).

Illinois has birthed a smattering of hip-hop artists over the years, Common, Twista, Do or Die, and a kid you may have heard of named Kanye West (born in Georgia, but Chi to the core), who deserves credit for putting Chief Keef and King L—leading lights of the South Side's thrilling, chilling, and much-maligned "drill scene"—on his recent album Yeezus.