2. Mitsubishi A6M Zero

Plane Type: Fighter, Suicide Attack Bomber
Fought For: Axis (Japan)
Complex Says: This is the plane that answered the question of whether the U.S. would get into World War II. On December 7, 1941, Mitsubishi A6M Zeros, Nakajima B5Ns, and Aichi D3As were launched from Japanese aircraft carriers in the attack against the U.S. Naval installation at Pearl Harbor. Armament included two 7.7mm machine guns, two 20mm cannons, and two 132-pound bombs. In addition to being a long-range fighter with maneuverability, speed, and range that outclassed Allied fighters at the beginning of the war, this was the plane that Japanese Kamikaze pilots flew on suicide missions. [Photo by Tom Zwica.]