35. Tay Bridge

Location: Fife, Scotland

Year of Fail: 1879

Connecting Dundee and Wormit, the center section of Tay Bridge collapsed in 1879. A train running on the bridge’s track fell into the Firth of Tay, killing all 75 passengers on board. Top-heavy, susceptible to high winds and built with low-quality support columns, inspectors noted that the bridge was poorly designed and shoddily constructed. Evidence of deterioration in the months prior to failure indicated that the bridge was also badly maintained.