KNOW YOUR TECH breaks down the scientific technology used in your favorite sneakers and activewear. Let’s demystify your next purchase: today’s technology is Mizuno Wave cushioning. Introduced in 1998 in the form of the original Mizuno Wave Rider, the cushioning setup is inspired by nature and touted by Mizuno as "the industry's most effective midsole technology."

What is it? A mechanical midsole inspired by the way nature hgandles impact. By studying waves and tidalwaves, designers found that waveforms are able to spread and dissipate energy very quickly. This simple efficiency was applied to the makeup of the Wave midsole, resulting in an effective, versatile platform.

How it works: As the foot makes impact, Wave technology immediately kicks in by reducing the force and redirecting it away from the sole. Mizuno compares its function to the suspension in a vehicle, by offering cushioning and keeping the foot in place throughout its stride. Its compact design also allows for a sleeker, lighter overall shoe than many other forms of cushioning. Best of all, the durable compound won't break down over time.

Notable products: Wave Prophecy 2, Wave Nirvana 8, 9-Spike Pro KL 6

Bottom line: Every brand has their own form of proprietary cushioning, but Mizuno's Wave is one of the most unique experiences on the market.

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