City: Various Provinces
Date: Througout 2010
Number of people involved: 20,000+
During the elimination of the Soviet Union in the 1930's, two ethnic groups occupied Kyrgyzstan: the Kyrgyz and the Uzbek. Tension emerged when Uzbeks became more active in the Kyrgyzstani economy in 1990, which led Uzbek leader Qodirjon Botirov to parlay the economical autonomy into political clout. This power created a larger gap between the minority upper class Uzbeks and the majority lower-class Kyrgyzs, leaving room for more tension and disputes. In 2010, a dispute between young Kyrgyz and Uzbeks occurred at a casino in Osh, which later turned into an outbreak of violence. Both groups fled to other areas of Kyrgyzstan like Osh and Jalal-Abad to join their respective local groups to attack one another in a brutal fashion. Armed with guns, machetes, and knives, the two groups fought for three days in June resulting in murder, torture, looting, and arson. The death toll was reported to be more than 2,000 and nearly 400,000 refugees were displaced.