In 2012, The Wall Street Journal investigated claims that Google had bypassed the security settings for Apple's Safari browser, which violated an agreement it had in place with the Federal Trade Commission from the previous year. The FTC said that for a number of months from 2011 and 2012, Google used an ad tracking cookie it placed on the devices of Safari users who clicked on sites in Google's advertising network. Because of Safari's default settings on Macs, iPads, and iPhones, Google had implied that Safari users would be automatically opted out of the tracking-but that didn't happen. Google was slapped with a $22.5 million fine. Don't go feeling too sorry for them: that year Google made close to $40 billion.