Known as the “Lion of Punjab,” Punjabi Hindu independence leader Lala Lajpat Rai founded New York-based publication Young India in 1918, as well as the organization India Home Rule League of America. During his five-year stay in the U.S., he became close to historian W.E.B. Du Bois; both intellectuals influenced each other, as they explored the connection between Indian sovereignty and the Civil Rights Movements. Rai was also thought to have helped radicalize Du Bois in the struggle for the complete liberation—rather than integration—of black people. Du Bois’s novel, Dark Princess, was dedicated to Rai, who died from heart complications in 1928, two weeks after being beat by British police during a protest in Lahore (now in Pakistan).