43. The Sparks Program by Wu Yuren, 2008
Yuren has become one of the most controversial and respected artists of the new millenium, as part of the collective that works in Beijing's Section 8 colony. At times, he's completed art so controversial—transforming the White Box into a site of demolition—there's not much information on what actually transpired. in The Sparks Program, however, it was clear that Yuren had assembled seven laborers in a dark room, to strike a pile of flint with metal rods, creating flashes of light and sound. It was meant as a commentary on the isolation of the Chinese construction worker during Beijing's real estate boom. Yuren was incarcerated in 2010 for organizing a protest of the closure of Section 8.