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Metallica was formed in 1981 by drummer Lars Ulrich and singer/guitarist James Hetfield. They hired Ron McGovney to play bass and Dave Mustaine to play guitar and began playing live shows. After recording a demo they secured a record deal, and by this time McGovney and Mustaine had been replaced by Cliff Burton and Kirk Hammett. Their first album, Kill 'Em All, was released in 1983.