A baby that had reportedly been cured of HIV is now out of remission. The child was born in 2010 to a mother infectedi with HIV and given an antiretroviral cocktail immediately after birth. For the past two years it looked like doctors had actually succeeded in subverting the virus, making global headlines in the fight against HIV/AIDS. Now, however, the child has once again tested positive for the virus.
According to the National Institute of Health:
The child known as the “Mississippi baby”—an infant seemingly cured of HIV that was reported as a case study of a prolonged remission of HIV infection in The New England Journal of Medicine last fall—now has detectable levels of HIV after more than two years of not taking antiretroviral therapy without evidence of virus, according to the pediatric HIV specialist and researchers involved in the case.
“Certainly, this is a disappointing turn of events for this young child, the medical staff involved in the child’s care, and the HIV/AIDS research community,” said NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. “Scientifically, this development reminds us that we still have much more to learn about the intricacies of HIV infection and where the virus hides in the body. The NIH remains committed to moving forward with research on a cure for HIV infection.”
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