Year: 1889
School: Ohio State University

Little is known about Fred Patterson, the first black student to attend Ohio State, other than that historians also consider him the first African American to suit up for the Buckeyes. Patterson played varsity football at the school for three years. We know that his father was born a slave, and later escaped to become a blacksmith. Patterson never graduated, but eventually took over his dad's carriage business in 1910. He built automobiles through the 1920s. It's believed that the Great Depression then took the business under. Still, a pioneer in a number of ways.