Attacker: Oberst Claus von Stauffenberg
Date: July 20, 1944

Anyone who made it through high school history, or anyone who likes Tom Cruise movies (we’re not judging), will remember the most famous of the 42 attempts made on German dictator Adolf Hitler’s life, Operation Valkyrie. The plot, cooked up by the German Resistance, involved a briefcase filled with explosives to be planted next to Hitler at a meeting. It was foiled when the briefcase was unwittingly moved by Generalmajor Heinz Brandt, redirecting its blast and killing Brandt and three other men, none of whom were named Adolf. All those involved in the July 20th plan were executed, and Hitler only suffered a perforated eardrum as a result of the attack.