With the rise of the so-called “alt-right”—a term coined by white supremacist Richard Spencer to make his movement appear more palatable—overt references to horrifying bigotry have entered the mainstream. From Spencer's rally in which he and his followers gave the Nazi salute and shouted “Hail victory!” (the English translation of Nazi German slogan, “Seig heil!”) to Ann Coulter's "14!" tweet (which she claims was part of her countdown to Obama's last day in office) or Bill O’Reilly’s open praise for the Electoral College’s function of keeping power in the hands of the “white establishment,” white supremacy is no longer confined to fringe websites, radical terrorist organizations, or politicians’ subtextual appeals to certain voting blocks. The dogwhistles have turned into screams.

While everyone is familiar with the swastika's significance to white supremacists and their organization, not every sign is as obvious. Not every neo-Nazi is a skinhead (and not every skinhead is a neo-Nazi). And as evidenced by various fascist-normalizing profiles on the "alt right," the majority of white supremacists look like normal people and can blend easily into crowds. 

illinois nazis
A Neo-Nazi event in Illinois.

Fortunately, there are oft-used symbols and slogans that can help you identify white supremacists if and when you encounter them. These are only the most common; more in-depth lists, including symbols of specific organizations as well as more loosely/indirectly related organizations and movements, can be found at the Anti-Defamation League and these blogs. Here's our dictionary of common white supremacist symbols: