Location: Society of Independent Artists, New York
In a major landmark move of 20th century art, Marcel Duchamp submitted a rotated urinal to the exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists in 1917. The piece, entitled Fountain was rejected, itself causing a scandal as the rules of the exhibition stated that anyone who paid the required fee would be accepted. The piece caused uproar about what is and what isn't art and refocused art's purpose from physical practice to intellectual interpretation. Since Fountain's debut many artists have claimed triumph by urinating in the piece, causing further scandal around the piece.