While his athletic career was long over by the time he endured the ire of the U.S. government, Paul Robeson paid as high a price as anyone on this list for his political views. A football star at Rutgers during the '10s (he also played baseball and ran track), Robeson played two years in the NFL before retiring to devote his life to the arts. His quarter-century long, internationally acclaimed acting and singing career was effectively terminated by the U.S. government when the State Department revoked his passport in 1950, in response to his political activism. The move prevented him from touring internationally, and he was ostracized in the U.S. He died in 1976, but has since become an inspiration for artists and athletes with unpopular political views. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1995.