Aside from being a leader for AIDS/HIV awareness, Arthur Ashe was active on the civil rights front years earlier. He was one of many prominent figures who brought attention to the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa and was arrested in DC while protesting on more than one occasion. He spoke out against American treatment of Haitian refugees and was arrested for protesting that as well. When he retired due to heart problems, he dedicated his life to the people, doing volunteer work and traveling to South Africa to witness the change first hand. He also wrote A Hard Road to Glory, a definitive history of black athletes. Ashe was the first African-American male to win a Grand Slam title and the only black male to win the Australian Open, Wimbledon, and the US Open.