Pierre Caliste Landry (1841-1921)
Born a slave in Ascension Parish, La., Landry was sold at an auction at age 13. He was educated on a plantation and relocated to Donaldsonville, La. with his family at the end of the Civil War. At that time, Donaldsonville had the state’s third-largest African-American community. In 1868, he was elected mayor of Donaldsonville, becoming the first African-American mayor. Landry was elected to the Louisiana House of Representatives in 1872 and was elected to the Louisiana State Senate in 1874, where he served until 1880.