Location: 6th Ave. (between 8th St. and Paul Bryant Dr.), University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Ala.
Significance: Alabam Governor George Wallace clashed with the U.S. government here
"Segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever." That's what Alabama Governor George Wallace wanted when he stood defiantly in the doorway of the University of Alabama's Foster Auditorium on June 11, 1963, in a haphazard attempt to block black students Vivian Malone Jones and James Hood from entering. Brown v. Board of Education forced the university to desegregate, and despite Wallace's obvious disapproval, a federal judge demanded that he not interfere with the enrollment of Jones and Hood. With the media looking on, Wallace put on a show, blocking the entrance and delivering a speech on state's rights. Deputy Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach made a phone call to President Kennedy, who trumped Wallace by federalizing the Alabama National Guard. When General Henry Graham told Wallace to move, he had no choice but to abide.
Foster Auditorium remains a multi-purpose facility for the University of Alabama, serving as the home of their women's basketball and volleyball programs. In April 2005, the building was named a National Historic Landmark, but the famous incident got the pop culture treatment over a decade before when it was depicted in Forrest Gump.