18. Meredith Gourdine (1929–1998)

Notable inventions: The Incineraid system, Focus Flow Heat Sink, and industrial paint spray

Gourdine has been praised as a pioneer researcher and for creating electrogasdynamics—the generation of electrical energy from the conversion of the kinetic energy contained in a high-pressure, ionized, moving combustion gas. His most popular creation, the Incineraid system, was used to banish smoke from burning buildings and fog from airport runways. Adding to his legacy, he would also create the Focus Flow Heat Sink, a device that cooled down computer chips.