Launch date: August 28th, 2000

Fatal flaw(s): Lack of funds

Ahead of its time when released, the Modo looked great on paper: an IDEO-designed device running the software that would go on to power the original iPod, using beeper networks to deliver city-specific news, restaurant reviews, and movie listings. Despite strong advertising in its three launch markets—NYC, L.A., and S.F.—the company was forced to close down when its main investors experienced heavy financial problems and pulled out.