This story is part of an editorial series examining racial discrimination as the driving force behind mass incarceration in the United States, in partnership with Ava DuVernay’s ‘13TH.’

In the era of smartphones and social media, it seems as if not a week can go by without a police interaction or shooting going viral. And while police officers have consistently clashed with black Americans for centuries, it is today that police shootings and the criminalization of color has became part of the national conversation. In the wake of dozens of high profile shootings in the last few years alone and subsequent Black Lives Matter protests, some law enforcement officials and elected politicians are trying to change the way policing works for communities of color.

While the majority of white Americans believe the police in their communities are faithfully executing their duty to protect and serve, a full 84 percent of black people in this country believe that they are treated less fairly by the police—and not without reason. Black people are more likely to be stopped by police, are disproportionately killed by police, and are routinely arrested or harassed by law enforcement for doing things that white people seem to get away with.

The lack of equality and justice has left a bitter taste in the mouths of many in the black community. It has also left the federal government and law enforcement agencies dedicated to community policing scrambling to come up with suitable reforms that will allow the police to be policed.