Founder: James Poole
Year Founded: 1806

James Poole began tailoring in 1806. Henry Poole took over the business when James died, and moved it to Savile Row in 1846. Poole were the first tailors on the Row, and thus the house is known as The Founders of Savile Row. Perhaps their most notable sartorial achievement was the creation of the dinner suit, or tuxedo. As the story goes, an American businessman named James Potter asked Poole to copy a short smoking jacket he'd seen the Prince of Wales wear. When he received it, he began wearing it to his more informal dinners at his home club, the Tuxedo Club in Tuxedo Park, New York. The resulting sensation changed mens' fashion, and firmly established Poole as the creator of black tie.