Type: Movement

Modernism is the departure from classical art traditions of the Renaissance, rejecting the obligation to portray realistic depictions of nature and beauty, often within the confines of religious, moral, or historical themes. The beginnings of Modernism can be traced back to the late 19th-century, and continued into the 20th-century with notable artists such as Picasso and Matisse.

(p. 20 in ...Isms: Understanding Modern Art)