Palace of Versailles
Location: Versailles, France
The Palace of Versailles is one of the finest achievements of French art in the 17th century. The former hunting lodge of Louis XIII was transformed and extended by his son Louis XIV, who installed the Court and the government of France in 1682. During the early years of the French Revolution, preservation of the palace was largely in the hands of the citizens of Versailles. The Palace of Versailles was the principal residence of the French kings from the time of Louis XIV to Louis XVI. Decorated and maintained by several generations of architects, sculptors, and landscape architects, it provided Europe with a model of the ideal royal residence for over a century.