The first camouflage to be used by the Red Army was the ‘ZMK’ white winter overgarment in 1938. Later that year the ‘amoeba’ pattern debuted as the first disruptive pattern to be printed on a Soviet uniform. This uniform, available in both one- and two-piece versions, was issued to snipers, engineers, and airborne and NKVD troops well into the 1950s. The uniforms were even used by trainees as late as the 1990s. In 1940 the radically different ‘leaf’ pattern came into service. Looking more like a floral design than a military camouflage pattern, it was later copied by Romania. Towards the end of WWII the three-color ‘TTsMKK’ uniform was issued, featuring a digital-style design. Two other patterns were trialled in the 1940s – one incorporated elements of both the ‘amoeba’ and ‘TTsMKK’ patterns and another was a simplified version of the ‘leaf ’pattern.
1945, Trial Pattern, Russia