Location: Dannemora, NY
Notable Residents: Michael Alig, Hell Rell, Charles "Lucky" Luciano, Maino, Ol' Dirty Bastard, Tupac Shakur, Shyne
Amenities: Has its own inmate-built church, the Church of St. Dismas, the Good Thief.
Sometimes referred to as the "New York's Siberia" due to the frigid weather in Dannemora, Clinton Correctional Facility is an intimidating place. Built in 1844, it's the largest maximum security prison in New York, and the third oldest prison in the state. Its prisoners were initially used for mining.
It was expanded in 1887 when it was given menacing 60-foot concrete walls. Capital punishment at Clinton began in 1892 when the first execution was carried out using the electric chair. In 1899, a mental health institution was built at the prison for inmates who went insane during their incarceration. Some were forced to stick around if they were still considered "insane" after their time was up.
There was a riot at Clinton in 1929, which proved key to prison reform in New York. Schools were built inside of the prison, and significant renovations were made to make the place appear more modern. Also, from 1939 to 1941, construction took place on the Church of St. Dismas, the Good Thief. The church was built by prisoners, and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1991. Towards the end of the 20th century, the mental institution was turned into annexes to house more prisoners.