The "Great Firewall of China" is the nickname for the country's sophisticated system of Internet filters which goes by the official name of the Golden Shield Project.
Eight companies provide Internet service for the entire country—the Chinese equivalent of Verizon, Time Warner, and Comcast. These providers, in turn, are controlled by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, which closely monitors Internet activity inside the country and between any foreign nations. The firewall also blocks content it deems sensitive or that runs counter to the perspective of the government.
If that wasn't enough, in 2009, the government required all new computers to be sold with Internet filtering software pre-installed. One of the future goals of the system is to create a online database that will include speech and face recognition. "Scary" can't even begin to describe this sense of control.