Where: Byberry, Pennsylvania
Years Of Operation: 1907 to 1987
36 black-and-white photographs was all it took to take down Byberry Mental Hospital. Charlie Lord, a conscientious objector assigned to duty at the hospital, compared the wards to "nazi concentration camps," describing overcrowded conditions where patients were sleeping in their own feces and urine. The facility was filthy, and hundreds of patients were allowed to roam the facility naked. Lord's images of the inhumane conditions were published in a 1946 issue of Life magazine, and sparked widespread reforms of mental health facilities. The pressure of the negative publicity also resulted in downsizing of the hospital, and eventually, its closure. Thank god for Pacificists with cameras.