The 50 Most Iconic Artworks of the Past Five Years

41. Pax Kaffraria: Sikhuselo Sembumbulu by Meleko Mokgosi, 2012

For an article in Art in America magazine, Meleko Mokgosi spoke to writer Brian Boucher on the origins of this work's title: "Pax Kaffraria is a term I made up...'Khaffraria' comes from a settlement established by the British in the early 19th century for mostly Xhosa people," he explains. "'Kaffrar' is the equivalent of 'n***er' in Afrikaans. So the project deals with issues of nationalism, anticolonial sentiment, and resistance, not only to the physical violence but the financialization of global capital." The work has become a milestone piece in studies of African politics and globalization, and Mokgosi explains it best.

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