Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
German-born, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe is considered a father of Modern Architecture. One of Mies’ most famous works was his Barcelona Pavilion at the International Exposition in Barcelona (where he also designed the Barcelona chair). Mies came to America in 1937, after the Bauhaus school (where he was director) was shut down due to pressure from the Nazi government. In 1944 he became a U.S. citizen and began one of the most successful periods in his career. During this time he designed and built The Farnsworth House (a minimalist house with only one interior room that was completely enclosed in glass – similar to his friend Philip Johnson’s Glass House in New Canaan, CN). In 1954 he completed the Seagram Building in NYC (with Philip Johnson) and in 1957 he completed the twin towers in Chicago, two of his most famous works. He has be awarded the AIA Gold Medal and the Royal Gold Medal for his architectural work.
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