Alvar Aalto was a Finnish architect and designer working in furniture, textiles and glassware. Unlike most architects, his style was very transition, from Nordic Classicism to pure Modernism to organic Modernism (which can be seen in the images above). His move to modernism may have been influenced by close relationships with Modernists like Lazlo Maholy-Nagy and Le Corbusier. Aalto liked to take control of all aspects of a design project, not only designing the building, but the furniture, textiles and furnishings as well. It wasn’t until the mid-1930s that Aalto received world recognition. In the U.S. his reputation grew following the positive reception of his Finnish pavilion for the 1939 World’s Fair, which another architect on our list, Frank Lloyd Wright, called “a work of genius.” Throughout his career Aalto designed a wide range of work from civic planning to painting – designing over 500 buildings, spanning 5 countries, and won the AIA Gold Medal for architecture.
(Images via: Swanklighting, DesignMuseum, OneOffMag)